Project Organisation

The project defines five 1st level work packages. Three of them, the Work Packages 1, 2 and 3 are concerned immediately with technology and systems development.

Since a railway protection system consists of different subsystems the investigations will cover:

  • the vehicles,
  • the infrastructure and access points to the vehicles (both for passengers and freight),
  • the rail track

Systems design of European railway protection systems and investigations of future demand in research and development will consider also the variety and needs of existing national protection systems.

Click on the thumbnail to enlarge the project structure:

  Sub-Projects & Workpackages

Click on the titles to access Workpackages definitions.

WP1. Requirement, Threat, Risk and Vulnerability

In order to enhance security and reduce the real risk posed by terrorists to the People and Goods in railway transportation systems, it is necessary to analyse the potential threats with respect to the operational requirements, the vulnerability of the system (attractiveness of terrorist attack) and consequences (with or without neutralisation or mitigation means). The resulting Risk (Attractiveness x Consequences) will be evaluated or estimated. Historical data and requirements of European transport systems operators will steer the analysis and address the studies.

The main focus will be Explosive, Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear threats (ECBRN). Other relatively simple, means of attacking the railway transport network will also be analysed. A number of Threat Scenarios will be created to encompass current and perceived future terrorist threats. For the most significant threat, selected scenarios will the object of verification and test by Proof of concept Trials.

For the most significant scenario selected, the functional requirements for protection (detection, neutralisation and mitigation) will be defined in order to provide a decision aid to assist the railway operator to reduce Risk.

WP1 will give input to WP 2, WP 3 and WP 4. (Figure 1 shows a breakdown of WP1 and the relationship to the other work packages).

  • WP 1.0.0 - Technical quality assessment: Deliverable D110
  • WP 1.1.0 - Security/operative requirements for railway systems
  • WP 1.2.0 - Thread analysis, vulnerability studies and risk evaluation: Deliverable D121
  • WP 1.3.0 - Scenario description & selection (current & perceived future): Deliverable D130
  • WP 1.4.0 - Scenario analysis & definition of functional needs

WP 2. Technologies for Protection of Railway Systems

This WP has the objective to analyse existing technologies for early recognition of threats, for protection against attacks and for mitigation of consequences of realized attacks. Threats by explosive, chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear (ECBRN) weapons will be considered; threats caused by other means such as electromagnetic pulse generators will also be analysed.

The analysis will not be restricted only to technologies. The importance of procedures and organisational concepts are also considered to be a front line defence against the terrorist. This work package will analyse measures to improve this.

Since single sensor outputs are not always unique indicators of real threats, data processing, information and data fusion techniques will be considered and evaluated with respect to the requirements of railway protection.

Communication technologies between different sensors as well as between sensors and supervising systems will be analysed to show the potential of communication and the gap in state of the art. Of particular importance for the acceptance of technical solutions are systems and methods to suppress false alarms.

WP2 will show the gap between the state of the art technologies and the real requirement of railways security. On the basis of the scenario selected in WP1, the most promising available technologies will be identified.

WP2 will get Input from WP1 (Threat Analysis) the results of WP2 will be used by WP3 (System Architecture) and WP4 (System Performance Estimation). (Figure 2 shows a breakdown of WP100 and the relationship to the other work packages).

  • WP 2.0.0 - Technical quality assessment
  • WP 2.1.0 - Sustable detection technologies
  • WP 2.2.0 - Data processing technologies
  • WP 2.3.0 - Data fusion technologies
  • WP 2.4.0 - Materials and device for protection of railway system
  • WP 2.5.0 - Communication technologies

WP 3. System architecture

The goal of this work package is the top-level functional analysis of an integrated security system specifically oriented against terrorist actions. The possible spin-offs related to other aspects (nominal aspects of security, safety, etc) will be assessed as much as possible.

The gaps will be identified. They will be prioritised by the Users Club members. The study will then:

  • look at results of WP2, at other European RDT efforts (see SAFEE, ISCAPS etc.) and at "external" solutions,
  • propose the potential solutions with their primarily assessed rough levels of readiness for technology, integration, market and human factor (see TRL, IRL, MRL and HRL).
The definition of such Anti-Terrorist Security System (ATS2) architecture will be selected, considering:
  • scalability,
  • modularity,
  • open architecture nature (i.e. favouring existing and convenient non-proprietary solutions),
  • maximised resistance to obsolescence,
  • general requirements of :
    •     early detection (as much as possible autonomous and automatic with a reasonable "Probability of Detection / False Alarm Rate" goal),
    •     protection
    •     mitigation of consequences.

The system will be tailored to address:

  • social and technical "legacy constraints" (especially ability to retrofit, to juxtaposition of an interoperable ATS2),
  • threat scenario,
  • sensor availability and interfaces.

The ATS2 architecture will be open and flexible, able to integrate existing and future sensors and to be interacting with disaster management systems as well as governmental intelligence and security forces (police, law enforcement, dedicated agencies, firemen etc.).

The specific railways application will induce additional requirements and constraints for the surveillance and situation awareness of tracks, trains, platforms and stations, technical facilities and infrastructures). According to their multiple specificities, the study will consider the current main relevant aspects of legacy in Europe. For this first phase of preparation of the future, we will consider a "pilot case", the taking into account two very different problems (French railways systems and its evolving structure (railways operator(s), public transportation operators (SNCF, ), infrastructure operator (RFF..). The basis will be implemented and tested in the proof of Concept Trials.

A Roadmap will be established for defining a Global European System Study, which will:

  • survey and assess the gaps in competitiveness (especially in front of the similar US effort pushed through the quite important budget of their Homeland Security and their demonstrated interest in European requirements),
  • identify the critical European technology gaps leading to unfair situation when trying to get a needed non-European technology (long lead time to obtain the clearance for obtaining an offer, need to indicate the prospected end-user, ),
  • prepare the justification of RTD funding level through an impact study of 3 levels of budget given a priori by the EU authorities,
  • coordinate and manage under a given budget the RTD European effort for that domain.

  • WP 3.0.0 - Technical quality assessment
  • WP 3.1.0 - Current legacy system architecture in Europe
  • WP 3.2.0 - Proposed architecture & evaluation criteria
  • WP 3.3.0 - Information management & interoperability
  • WP 3.4.0 - Communcation networks & interoperability
  • WP 3.5.0 - Role of Human factors
  • WP 3.6.0 - Proof of concept trials system architecture and added value

WP 4. System Performance Estimation

The aim of the WP is to evaluate the results achievable in the frame of the project by means of simulation tools and by trials test.

Based on the selected Scenarios, modelling of particular threat condition will evaluate the efficiency of selected countermeasure and sensor capability and/or needs.

The Proof of Concept Trials will allow the simulation of real conditions in a real railway context (train, track, station platform).

In the work package WP4 two roadmaps will be defined:

  • a road map for other and more complex and/or performing demonstrators trials, mainly in different context or conditions
  • a second road map will show necessary steps to close existing technological gaps and organisational weakness of the state of the art in the frame of future work.

As result of this verification process recommendations will be given regarding suitable measures to prevent and mitigate terrorist attacks against railway systems (WP 440). The recommendations will be addressed to federal agencies, to transportation companies as well as R&D organisations.

  • WP 4.0.0 - Technical quality assessment
  • WP 4.1.0 - Road map for intended validation steps
  • WP 4.2.0 - Modelling and simulation of protection capability
  • WP 4.3.0 - Proof of concept trials
  • WP 4.4.0 - Lesson learned and future development

WP 5. Dissemination

Dissemination of the result of the project, methodologies adopted and future trend and research activities will be the basis of a specific theme of the TRIPS project. End User and End User club are the most efficient way to promote and assess the reached goals to enhance railways security.

  • WP 5.0.0 - Technical quality assessment
  • WP 5.1.0 - User conference
  • WP 5.2.0 - Strategy for road map

WP 6. Project Management

  • To provide the overall internal project administration
  • To provide communication with European Commission.
  • To deliver the mission goals.

  • WP 6.0.0 - Project management