Presentation of the PASR of the European Commission

With a view to the long term, the European Commission, encouraged by the Parliament, the Council, and industry, has implemented a "Preparatory Action in the field of Security Research", with a view to the establishment of a coherent European Security Research Programme (ESRP) after 2007.

This Preparatory Action on the Enhancement of the European industrial potential in the field of Security Research (PASR) is an important first step in addressing the need for Community action and aims at preparing the groundwork for a fully-fledged European Security Research Programme from 2007.

The Preparatory Actions supported mission-oriented projects and supporting activities, via 3 calls for proposals and call for tenders in the years 2004, 2006 and 2006.

  The TRIPS project

Under PARS 2005, the European Commission decided to fund the research project TRIPS (TRansport Infrastructures Protection System) to design and demonstrate an anti-terrorist security system architecture to better detect terrorist threats and hence better protect railway passengers and infrastructures.

The challenge of enhancing security in railway network systems involves and combines in one mission, many aspects, of key security objectives. An effective rail security system will address several of the other security missions defined by the EU.

The TRIPS project will investigate possibilities offered by technology and improved processes to consider innovative solutions that increase the effectiveness and reactivity for protection of passengers and infrastructure. The recent events in London and in Madrid show how vulnerable public transport systems are to terrorist attacks.

  The global objectives of the TRIPS project

  • To qualify and quantify the security threats, vulnerabilities and risks to railway systems for a range of operating conditions.
  • For the range of current and perceived future threats, to assess a range of passive and active sensor technologies operating within railway environments and railway operational timescales.
  • To address issues of communications and systems infrastructure and architecture, particularly legacy systems, and their impact on delivering current and perceived future protection of railway systems.
  • To consider innovative solutions for railway protection and to show proof of concept demonstrations (consideration of economics, political, social and human factors will be made).
  • To define current limitations and provide a roadmap for future developments and research requirements.

    The TRIPS project embraces the problem in a wide approach, even though a limited period of 18 months and it will include tangible verification of technologies, focused on some critical aspects of railway.

    The project include railway tracks, railway infrastructure surveillance, detection of explosive inside carriage and coach or other non conventional threats, as well as a communication and protection system architecture design.

    The TRIPS project is a positive step towards ensuring efficient transfer of security technology, knowledge and innovation from enterprises RTD activities, some of which have not been traditionally associated with the railways, to the rail transportation systems.